The paper discusses the occurrence of humanwildlife conflict, when growing human populations overlap with established. Pdf human wildlife conflict, the case of mole national. Research proposal on human wildlife conflict az writing. Ppt wildlife and human conflict powerpoint presentation. Conflicts between wildlife and humans, particularly people who share immediate boundaries with protected areas, are common phenomenon. Lessons learned from awfs african heartlands 2 human wildlife conflict. If solutions to conflicts are not adequate, local support for conservation also declines. Although there isnt any form of formalised hwc compensation this is applied where high profile conflicts occur e. Human wildlife conflict task force alexandra zimmermann 20162017 report mission statement the mission of the iucn ssc task force on human wildlife conflict is to support the iucn ssc network in addressing human wildlife guidance and expert support, through an integration of. In order to address the impact of human wildlife conflict,the policy sets out twelve. Oct 27, 2014 human wildlife conflict is the conflict which occurs between the human being and the representatives of the wildlife. Because reducing conflict involves changing human behavior e.
Conflict between people and animals is one of the main threats to the continued survival of many species in different parts of the world, and is also a significant threat to local human populatons. Comprehensive wildlife management integrates social and biological sciences decker etal. Human wildlife conflict is increasing at an alarming rate in kashmir valley, india. Nowadays human wildlife conflict exists in one form or another all over the world. Compensating human wildlife conflict in protected area. View human wildlife conflict research papers on academia. Declining wildlife resources has been linked to human actions through overexploitation, habitat destruction, and. To find out the reasons for human animal conflict 2. When wildlife lose their natural habitats and have reduced access to natural food sources, they eat agricultural crops, livestock, can destroy property and can injure or kill people. Though regions of dense human populations are likely to initiate conflict with wildlife, the majority of human wolf conflicts occur in rural regions of montana, where human populations are sparse and the domestic livestock populations are abundant. Unpublished documents from zambia zambia wildlife authority records and. Causes and mitigation measures in tsavo conservation area, kenya.
The goal of this analysis is to inform wildlife managers and urban planners of the potential human wolf conflict zones in montana to help mitigate. It is worth mentioning that it is not possible to state the exact extent of humanwildlife conflict because of lack. This type of conflict has always existed in the natural environment, because it is obvious that animals of different species treat the human being as an opponent, threat or a target for hunting. Conflicts that are seemingly between people and wildlife are more often conflicts between people about wildlife. We have included suggestions for companies who sell readily available products as well as companies who, at the time of publication, sold less readily available or specialized products. Hgac is a subset of human wildlife conflict that can broadly be defined as any human great ape interaction which results in negative effects on human social, economic or cultural life, great ape social, ecological or cultural life or the con. A spatial analysis of humanwolf conflict risk in montana. Wildlife professionals continually deal with the complexities of human conflict in their efforts. Human actions building highways, subdivisions, factories, agricultural practices. Humanwildlife conflict management cornell university. Human wildlife conflict affects most large carnivores including lions, leopards and tigers as well as many other species groups including but not limited to elephants, pigs, deer, primates, sharks, seals, birds of prey, crocodiles, rhinos, otters. Humanwildlife conflict is defined by the world wide fund for nature wwf as any interaction between humans and wildlife that results in negative impacts on human social, economic or cultural life, on the conservation of wildlife populations, or on the environment. Human interactions with wildlife are a defining experience of human existence.
Anaging ear uman onflicts nevada department of wildlife. Thus, this analysis includes cattle density as an indicator of potential human wolf conflict. The paper discusses the occurrence of human wildlife conflict, when growing human populations overlap with established wildlife territory, creating reduction of resources or life to some people. In order to address the impact of human wildlife conflict,the policy sets out twelve strategies which include research and monitoring. According to iucn 2005 human wildlife conflict hwc is a situation that occurs when the basic needs of wildlife interfere with those of humans, generating negative consequences for both communities and animals. The global wildlife program gwp would like to thank the government of gabon and the agence nationale des parcs nationaux anpn for the strong collaboration in organizing the reducing human wildlife conflict and enhancing coexistence conference. Human wildlife conflict occurs when there is close interaction between wild animals and human beings, resulting to injuries, death, predation, transmission of diseases and even human threats. The social dimensions of humanelephant conflict in africa.
Human induced problems facing wildlife landuse conflicts. In india, the problem is particularly salient, given that at least 65% of the countrys pas contain human settlements or are located adjacent to them kothari et al. The case studies from countries all over the world demonstrate the severity of the conflict and suggest that greater in depth analysis of the conflict is needed in order to avoid overlooking the problem and undermining the. Human wildlife conflict does not occur only in africa. Pdf humanwildlife conflictcauses, consequences and. All countries developed or not, are affected by human wildlife conflicts fao, 2009. It is not a new phenomenon, but the scale and scope of this conflict has been growing exponentially over time, and is likely to do so indefinitely, given indias ever.
Best practice guidelines for the prevention and mitigation. Habitats can be destroyed by natural causes, human actions, and pollution. Projected impact for the 20172020 quadrennium the ssc human wildlife conflict task force. Patterns of human wildlife conflicts in zambia, causes, consequences and management responses. Human black bear conflicts nevada department of wildlife. Human wildlife conflict is a highly politicized issue that evokes heated opinions and, often, kneejerk responses. Bears in general will go out of their way to avoid a physical confrontation. Managers and the public need to understand the available tools to effectively stop human bear conflict and reduce effects on bear populations. Wsac is a function of human beliefs and at titudes or values. People compete with wildlife for food and resources, and have eradicated dangerous species. Factors influencing human wildlife conflict in communities.
These bears may aggressively seek human foods by breaking into garages or homes. The world resources institute 1995 report revealed that the habitat loss in tanzania was a. Human wildlife conflict hwc is fast becoming a critical threat to the survival of many globally endangered species, in particular to large and rare mammals such as the sumatran tiger panthera tigris sumatrae and the asian lion panthera leo persica, but also to less endangered species such as the snow leopard uncia uncia and the red colobus monkey procolocus kirkii. The government will empower communities and farmers in order to manage human wildlife conflict. This causes human wildlife conflict, especially with farmers who live in rural areas and forestdependent communities that compete with wildlife for waning resources. The government will continue with research and monitoring to reduce human wildlife conflict. One of the primary concerns with any wildlife conflict is human health and safety. Recent literature on human wildlife conflict and its control measures are given below. We confirm that elephants pose a serious threat to some members of farming communities, but that in most cases, elephants regional economic impact on agriculture is negligible relative to other vertebrate and invertebrate pests.
This research shows that mitigations and solutions for human wildlife conflict are fraught with management challenges. Indias road network is expanding at a monstrous scale due to the expanding economy and. It is recommended that through research, the knowledge gaps on the factors and sources of these conflicts could be identified, likewise through extension peoples perception could be changed to favour wildlife conservation. Suman, deepa, wwf, suc ntnc irf, save the rhino international, internet presentation slide credit. Traditionally, management decisions have relied more heavily on insight from. The research has been driven by two very different con.
Challenges for conservation and livelihood security in. This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search box in the header. Human wildlife conflict, is a growing problem in todays crowded world, and can have significant impacts on both human and wildlife populations. Conflicts become more intense where livestock holdings and agriculture are an important part of rural livelihoods. Pattern recognition methods for reduction of humanwildlife. A case study of fences around the chitwan national park acknowledgements though only our names appear on the cover of this report, a great many people have contributed to its production.
Addressing humanwildlife conflict requires striking conflict efficiently and. Humanwildlife conflict occurs when there is close interaction between wild animals and human beings, resulting to injuries, death, predation, transmission of diseases and even human threats. Lessons from awfs african heartlands introduction in the developed world potentially dangerous megafauna have largely been exterminated as a result of the spread of agriculture, growth of human populations and. In addition, it can help reduce the number of bears euthanized by wildlife managers due to concerns with human health and safety. Pattern recognition methods for reduction of human. However, the use of lethal methods is often controversial, as there is a public desire to coexist with wildlife. Situation and extent of humanwildlife conflict majority of the humanwildlife conflict in india is in the form of livestock depredation by carnivores, crop damage by wild herbivores, loss of life, limb, and property. Introduction investigating the human behavioral aspects of wildlife damage management for over 25 years. Amendment act act 5 of 1996 provides a measures for human wildlife conflict legislative basis for the control of problem causing management. Humanfoodconditioned bears are bears that have learned to associate people and human development with a food reward. Humanwildlife conflict management 39 was anticipated that the techniques. Review of literature 7 human wildlife conflict is a global issue, which has been extensively studied all over the world.
Human wildlife conflict has been in existence for as long as humans and wild animals have shared the same resources and landscapes. Mike obrien nova scotia wednesday, march 8, 2017 3. Humanwildlife conflict refers to the interaction between wild animals and people and the resultant negative impact on people or their resources, or wild animals or their habitat. To do critical study of human wildlife conflict worldwide specifically in africa, asia, and europe 3. This report provides information about a variety of management options for reducing human bear conflicts and background. The creating coexistence workshop at the 5th annual world parks congress 817 september 2003, montreal defined. Humanwildlife conflict worldwide tanzania natural resource. All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so dont worry about it. Wildlife and human conflict habitat destruction habitats can be destroyed by natural causes, human actions, and pollution natural causes. Wsac, a mixture of tolerance of problems and desires for bene.
At a meeting of the wildlife conservation societys africa program in 1997, human wildlife conflict was identified by many present as. Human wildlife conflict is usually depicted as the conflict that occur between the people and wildlife woodroffe et al 2005, actions by either humans or wildlife that affects the other adversely conover 2001, the perception that the safety, health, property and food of the. Too often sound conservation programming falters because it fails to address or ignores the multiple. Hwc takes many forms including crop or property damage, livestock predation, and animal attacks on people. A case study on human wildlife conflict in nepal with particular reference to human elephant conflict in eastern and western terai regions submitted to species program wwf international submitted by wwf nepal 1 1 report has been prepared by dr rinjin shrestha, phd. Oct 26, 2006 this manual is designed to guide local communities, wildlife managers, policy makers, and other people involved in community conservation, in ways to reduce human wildlife conflict. Solutions are possible, but often they also need to have financial backing for their support and development. A practitioners guidewas developed with this purpose. Manufacturers and suppliers of products used to resolve. Cases where resource demands of humans and wildlife must be balanced could be described as human wildlife coexistence madden 2004, human wildlife competition. The humanwildlife conflict crisis hwc occurs when humans or wildlife harm or threaten one another in the course of pursuing their needs or interests.
The second phase of the program is the integration of the wildlife conservation with human interests through. Wildlifecampus human wildlife conflicts 4 human wildlife conflict resolution wildlifecampus where do we strike a balance. Human wildlife conflict is defined by the world wide fund for nature wwf as any interaction between humans and wildlife that results in negative impacts of human social, economic or cultural life, on the conservation of wildlife populations, or on the environment. Humanwildlife conflict humane society international. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. As long as bears find easy access to garbage, bird feeders, urban fruit trees, and other food subsidies, conflicts are likely to continue. Human wildlife conflict and the politics of place matthew bowes, peter keller, rick rollins, and robert gifford introduction parks and protected areas provide important habitats for wildlife in an otherwise increasingly settled and urbanized world. Human wildlife conflict is to support the iucn ssc network in addressing human wildlife conflict hwc by providing interdisciplinary guidance and expert support, through an integration of ecological and social sciences. Humanwildlife conflict management a practitioners guide. Fund for nature southern african regional programme office. The growing conflict between humans and wildlife india. Broad causes of conflict1 at a general level, we can identify five main categories of causes leading to humanwildlife conflict. This paper documents the farmers views rather than.
With human, livestock, and wildlife populations in the reserves all increasing, and animals apparently emboldened by reservewide hunting bans, all forms of human wildlife conflict have surged rapidly since 2001. Humanwildlife conflicts in tanzania proceedings of the 1 st university wide conference, 5 th 7 april 2000. Developing strategies to mitigate human wildlife conflict. Pdf patterns of human wildlife conflicts in zambia. For example, in july 2010 a village banana plantation was destroyed by elephants at akak. Human wildlife conflict has been in existence for as long as humans and wild animals have shared the same landscapes and resources see below. The human wildlife conflict crisis hwc occurs when humans or wildlife harm or threaten one another in the course of pursuing their needs or interests. Can we actually turn landscapes of humanwildlife conflict into landscapes of. Humanwildlife conflict management pdf book manual free. Human wildlife conflict often also severely impacts the livelihoods, security and wellbeing of the. Humanwildlife conflict, is a growing problem in todays crowded world, and can have significant impacts on both human and wildlife populations. Human wildlife conflict task force alexandra zimmermann 20162017 report mission statement the mission of the iucn ssc task force on human wildlife conflict is to support the iucn ssc network in addressing human wildlife guidance and expert support, through an integration of ecological and social sciences.
Human wildlife conflict is defined as any event in which animals injure, destroy or damage human life or property including the destruction of crops and are killed, injured, captured or otherwise harmed as a result i. Human wildlife conflict hwc is fast becoming a serious threat to the survival of many endangered species in the world. Wildlifehuman conflicts whc are a serious obstacle to wildlife conservation and the. Issues and managements find, read and cite all the. Although most human bear interactions are relatively benign, typically consisting of bear sightings and normal bear behavior, the publics anxieties are heightened when interactions occur within human populated areas. Humanwildlife conflict, particularly humancarnivore conflict, is a growing problem in todays crowded world, and can have significant impacts on both human and wildlife populations.
Some traditional herders are prohibited from grazing their herds on land occupied by touristmagnets like lions, leopards, giraffes and gazelles. Humanwildlife conflicts can have adverse impacts on wildlife and humans alike. Traditionally, lethal methods have been used to address human wildlife conflict, but these methods are cruel and ineffective, and threaten imperiled species. This study, based in the idodipawaga area adjacent to tanzanias ruaha national park, explored the main drivers of conflict between people and wildlife. Chapter 1 introduction addressing humanwildlife conflict requires striking conflict efficiently and effectively in order to promote a balance between conservation priorities and the both biodiversity conservation as well as human needs of people who live with wildlife. National policy on humanwildlife management 2009 ministry of.
Addressing these human traits is the central mission of wildlife man agement. Humanwildlife conflict management book pdf free download link book now. Conflicts between humans and wildlife have occurred since the dawn of. The number of incidents of human wildlife conflict caused by all species in. Human wildlife conflict often involves human human conflict conflict of interests biology is part of the solution but not sufficient in itself wildlife management shows a substantial human dimension, which is just as important in any human wildlife relationship even if not visible. In order to be truly effective, prevention of human wildlife conflict has to involve the full scope of society. Their large body size means that they take relatively little notice of fences, whether they are designed. Natural causes lightning strikes, fires, hurricanes, earthquakes, and ice storms. Human wildlife conflict study namibian case study wwf. Pdf on jan 1, 2015, janmejay sethy and others published humanwildlife conflict. Wildlife and human conflict 1 wildlife and human conflict 2 habitat destruction. Hwc occurs when humans or wildlife harm or threaten one another in the course of pursuing their needs or interests. From baboons in namibia attacking young cattle, to. Human wildlife conflict, particularly human carnivore conflict, is a growing problem in todays crowded world, and can have significant impacts on both human and wildlife populations.824 344 225 1474 161 1003 1302 468 215 1399 579 816 961 1133 1090 97 1100 1592 194 2 337 834 500 1254 823 89 1285 128 942 1495 441 1163 1382 858 984